Romeil Sandhu, Tryphon Georgiou, and Allen Tannenbaum
Electronic Imaging 2008. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2008.
Publication year: 2008

Tracking involves estimating not only the global motion but also local perturbations or deformations corresponding to a specified object of interest. From this, motion can be decoupled into a finite dimensional state space (the global motion) and the more interesting infinite dimensional state space (deformations). Recently, the incorporation of the particle filter with geometric active contours which use first and second moments has shown robust tracking results. By generalizing the statistical inference to entire probability distributions, we introduce a new distribution metric for tracking that is naturally able to better model the target. Also, due to the multiple hypothesis nature of particle filtering, it can be readily seen that if the background resembles the foreground, then one might lose track.  Robust results are obtained and demonstrated on several surveillance sequences.